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You are here: IntroductionMore about the JeseníkyHistoryThe era of rise

Epoch of rise as well as of hard-to-understand excesses

When the wars between Matthew Corvine and Vladislav Jagellonský ended in the year 1479 the deplorable state of Jesenice Region began to alter to better. The end of 15th century and the 16th century are among the peaceful epochs in the history of this region.

The operation of mines and metallurgical works recovered soon after, the religious disputes calmed down and this enabled building new schools in towns, education and culture to expand, new industries to be applied more significantly, no fewer important than the mining and processing of metals were the drapery and weaving. Famous also became the hand paper mill in Velke Losiny which nowadays is the only one of its kind within the whole Central Europe. The economic boom was not halted even by the pest epidemics that raged in the year 1507.

The coming Thirty Year War put an end to the good old days. With the destructive incursion of Swedish Armies in the year 1642 the Šumperk city was burnt out and nearly destroyed. The estimates state one quarter of then population perished due to direct wartime violence and hardship related therewith from hunger and diseases.

The infamous witch-hunts that ranked among the biggest in then Europe as to their extent, fall within this period as well. The first wave was launched in the year 1622 and their victim became one woman, a wife of Jesenice shepherd, her name was Barbora Schmiedová accused by her husband of wizardry. Barbora was arrested instantly, and while being tortured she confessed by force. She informed about other five women who then awaited the same horrible fate. Barbora Schmiedová was burned to death in Nise, the other women a year later in Jeseník.

Another wave arose in the year 1636 - 1649 and it struck mainly the Niska and Zlatohorska regions. Martin Lorenz from Nis, the Episcopal procurator, was identified as the prime instigator of new inquisitional wave. The third and most ample wave of processes is linked with the year 1651 on the territory of Zlate Hory (Golden Mountains) and Jesenice. At the beginning there was again some absurd accusation raised by one local boy from Široky Brod that he allegedly accompanied one local witch to participate in magic sabbath. From 1678 the cruel processes start also within Šumperk region. The inquisition was headed by Olomouc lawyer named Heinrich Franz Boblig from Edelstadt, and the actions of him were not stopped until the personal intervention of the emperor the Leopold I was made.


Tourist locations

Mapa Mapa Zábřežsko Šumpersko Jesenicko Staroměstsko, Hanušovicko a Králický Sněžník Ramzovské sedlo Zlatohorsko Javornicko a Žulovsko Staroměstsko, Hanušovicko a Králický Sněžník Krnovsko Bruntálsko Rýmařovsko

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