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Century stigmatized with wars

The army was called to enter this region to calm down the situation. The subsequent economic growth then convinced the Germans temporarily about the advantages, and it virtually suppressed any endeavours to break away. Nonetheless, the situation altered in its essential way in the period of economic crisis during the thirties. These changes intensified with the assumption of power by Adolf Hitler, and following the elections in 1935 the influence of Henlein Sudetic-German Party (SdP) began to climb within this region since this party aimed at annexation of Sudets to the Great German Empire. The Šumperk City provided the hinterland to the armed Henlein insurgents, and the region experienced nationalistic-motivated violence and the assaults on police stations.

With Munich Accord signed the Czech people were evacuated and the entire region became part of Germany. During the World War II the cruel camps for prisoners of war (POW) were built over here (Adolfovice, Jeseník, Šumperk, Laškov, Lipová) along with branches of concentration camps in Bruntál, Hanušovice and Světla Hora. In the year 1945 the death marches occurred ever more frequently. The biggest of them, numbering 70 000 captives, moved in the second half of February from Silesia to Šternberk where the march divided in the direction towards Moravska Třebova, and the second stream onto Uničovsko, Zábřežsko and Šumpersko regions. Late in the War there was heavy fighting in the region between retreating units of marshal Schörner and part of 4th Ukrainian Front. In Jeseníky the area of protection, so called area of closure, i.e. the zone that still by the end of March 1945 was inspected personally by Conrad Henlein in Šumpersko Region, but even this did not help to advert the German defeat, anyway. Jesenicko Region was finally liberated on May 5 -6.

Following this liberation the Czechs returned to the region again. And the wild displacements, illegal executions and vexation of German inhabitants began, and actually new detention camps were set up for these people. When the Decrees of President Beneš were issued the controlled evacuation of Germans was finally possible after which only a small group of German speaking population remained. New people were coming to the vacant dwellings, most of them from Haná, Beskydy, Moravia , Slovakia, but also from Greece and Rumania. Even so some villages stayed completely depopulated and disappeared. In the following years it was the metallurgical plants and wood-processing industries that were recovered and built up. It was the ruling communist party that stigmatized the whole next development with their famous insensitivity to the nature or cultural relics and landmarks. Many church buildings (e.g. Romanesque basilica in Osoblaz which was one of the oldest in our territory) was demolished, chateaux were often utilized inappropriately for the needs of state-owned farms or of agricultural cooperatives, the forests were damaged due to hasty (ill-judged) mining.

The deed of real importance concerning our landscape tending was the declaration of Jeseníky Natural Preserve, in the year 1969.


Tourist locations

Mapa Mapa Zábřežsko Šumpersko Jesenicko Staroměstsko, Hanušovicko a Králický Sněžník Ramzovské sedlo Zlatohorsko Javornicko a Žulovsko Staroměstsko, Hanušovicko a Králický Sněžník Krnovsko Bruntálsko Rýmařovsko

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