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Geology, geomorphology, climate

Metamorphosed minerals of the precambic and the paleozoic age make a heart of region. The origin of the youngest minerals is related to a continental glaciations 300 – 250 000 ago. Glacial sediments have thickness 50 m here and there. The influence of a glacier is documented by lost rocks having size to 2 m. By contrast, in geological structure of Šumperk district metamorphosed minerals of the precambric age unambiguously prevails. Surroundings of Mohelnice are mainly made by paleozoic minerals, such as a slate, an agglomerate and a greywacke. In neighbourhood of Štíty there is the Bohemian Chalk Table. After that, the last glaciations in the southernmost area of the whole region lead to the formation of a loess and a loess loam with deposits of brick clay and pottery.

Rychlebské hory (mountains), the Hrubý Jeseník Mountains with the highest peak Praděd and the Králický Sněžník Mountains are the highest Moravian and Silesian mountains. They are floes made from the precambric and the paleozoic crystallic slates which were tabulated into the peneplains as time goes on. During the Tertiary they were broken into floes which were elevated beside shifts, they came down eventually. The floes of these mountains are separated from lower surrounding terrain by steep fault cliffs. During the Quaternary an exposure of resistant minerals takes place and thus Obří skály (the Giant Rocks) a Keprník in the Hrubý Jeseník Mountains, Čertovy kameny (the Devil’s Stones) near Jeseník, Petrovy kameny (the Peter´s Stones) and others arose. The cascaded and chute parts of water streams are situated for example Vysoký vodopád (the High Waterfall) in Studený potok (the Cold Stream) and Nýznerovské vodopády (waterfalls) in Stříbrný potok (the Silvery Stream). The highest parts of the Králický Sněžník Mountains and the Hrubý Jeseník Mountains were glaciated by the mountain glacier during the coldest part of the Quaternary. Foothills of both mountains are bordered by Hanušovická vrchovina (upland) in the south. This upland is a typical example of the anthropogenic forms – agrarian walls and piles, quarries and sand pits which are frequent in the entire region. In the southernmost part of the region, there is Mohelnická brázda, Zábřežská vrchovina (upland) a Hornomoravský úval (ravine).

A climate of the entire region belongs to the slightly warm in the northwest and the south, cold in Rychlebské hory (mountains), the Hrubý Jeseník Mountains and the Králický Sněžník Mountains. This climatic area has the average temperatures 5º-8º C and the precipitation in range 650 – 1000 mm. The highest locations have the average temperatures 1º - 3º C and 1200 mm of rainfalls. For this mountain area the temperature inversions are very frequent.


Tourist locations

Mapa Mapa Zábřežsko Šumpersko Jesenicko Staroměstsko, Hanušovicko a Králický Sněžník Ramzovské sedlo Zlatohorsko Javornicko a Žulovsko Staroměstsko, Hanušovicko a Králický Sněžník Krnovsko Bruntálsko Rýmařovsko

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